Find Out Some Interesting Information About Belgrade, Capitol of Serbia
The rocky mountain above the intersection of two strong European rivers Danube and Sava was perfect for establishing the city. Over the centuries, the city has shifted many inhabitants and lords, its look and size, but not its dominant position. Its walls would bleach to novices out of the river so it finally obtained the name Beograd (Serbian translation: a snowy town). The traveler who sailed under the walls of Belgrade from far lands would be astounded by its rugged fortress, tower height and castle attraction at the peak of the hill. Inspired by the river wind, gliding with all town, new buildings, streets and squares, a boat would eventually find its peace in one of the city’s vents. And the traveler that we call tourist today, could see in the boat calendar that the year is 1403, the first beginning of the XV century. That year, for the very first time, Belgrade became a capital of Serbia. At the point despot Stefan, the son of prince Lazar, was the lord of Serbia. Looking for somewhere to set Serbia’s funds on the far northwest, using skillful diplomatic negotiations he managed to acquire Belgrade in the Hungarians. It took him only 23 years to turn into a totally devastated and deserted place to a new and shining city. In Charter issued from the city, despot Stefan wrote: I have discovered the most lovely place since time immemorial, the great town of Belgrade that is by case destroyed and deserted. I increased it and committed to Holy Virgin.
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For an educated and sophisticated person, writer of the most gorgeous traces of old Serbian literature and an avid writer, Despot Stefan primarily wanted to make Belgrade an economic, cultural and spiritual center of the nation.
With many significant economic benefits composed in the Charter, that had a golden stamp with the city’s image, Despot Stefan has attracted many merchants, artisans and other residents, from his and other nations. Wishing to provide safe stay to all city’s newcomers, despot Stefan first revived the old fortifications, defensive towers and walls.
Stefan then constructed “Gornji grad” (the top town) and a palace complex as a separate entity protected by a mighty tower, called Nebojsa, and a door with a movable bridge. There he lived with his loved ones and other nobles.
On the other hand, the city life was conducted in the lower town, in which the momentum of trade and craft through Despot’s discounts was so overpowering that the city increased tenfold. Save for the Serbian dealers, Belgrade was largely inhabited and visited with the Dubrovnik taxpayers and the Hungarians, along with a smaller variety of those French, the Italian, the Venetians as well as many others. In today’s terms, it might be concluded that among other items, Belgrade was a rather well developed tourist city where people would store. Belgrade marketplace offering was rich and varied. Most exported goods were ore, lead, copper, mercury and precious metals, gold and silver. Leather, wax and cheese followed. Salt, spices, candies, expensive fabrics, clothing and jewelry pearls were imported. This usually means that the purchasing power of Belgrade citizens was in a high level because such a demand for luxury goods existed. In such a richly populated town there was a religious seat of the Serbian state, a chair of the Belgrade metropolitan. For the purpose the despot assembles metropolitan church “Uspenije preciste Vladicice”, on the east side of the town in a spacious garden decorated with assorted plantation. In addition to this there were many churches and even a Catholic diocese which used by foreigners.
Belgrade attained the development of this kind thanks to a peaceful period and skilled and prudent policy of Despot Stefan, so the numerous walls and towers did not need to function to ward off enemies. Travelers from various places, from the east and west, north and south could safely go to the capital of Serbia.
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